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The name “Cambodia”
originated from the French word Cambodge, which comes from the Khmer word Kâmpuchea, meaning “born of Kambu. The official name in English is now the Kingdom of Cambodia. The word ‘Khmer’ can refer to the Cambodian language, people, or Cambodia culture.
About 90 percent of Cambodians speak the native Khmer dialect. The French, Chinese, Vietnamese and English are the other dialects that can be frequently heard in the country.
Cambodia has a rich and varied history dating back many censturies, and has been heavily influenced by India. Religion is a major inspiration throughout Cambodia’s long history,Cambodians developed a unique Khmer belief from the beliefs and the Indian religions of Buddhism and Hinduism. It is also generally believed that seafaring merchants brought Indian customs and culture to ports along the Gulf of Thailand and the Pacific while trading with China.
The most well known cultural symbol of Cambodia
is the ancient Khmer temple, Angkor Wat, along with the ancient Khmer Empire and its monumental ancient times. Pictures and bas-relief carvings of the four-faced tower of the Bayon at Angkor Thom and of âpsâras (heavenly dancing girls) can be seen everywhere in homes and public buildings. Since independence, every flag has featured the image of Angkor Wat. Classical dance, also be expressed out in costume and gesture to recreate Angkorean bas-reliefs.The institution of kingship is still important, especially in rural areas, where devotion to the king never died out during the social changing period. It is under the current embodiment in Norodom Sihanouk.The Cambodia culture initiated from the monarchy of Angkor, the great ancient Empire in Siem Reap. The Angkor kingdom once controlled most of the areas of the present Thailand, Laos andVietnam. The ancient Angkor Monarchy left behind its impression on the fields of art, architectures, music, and dance, which is still retained until today.