Thai history in short Siam History (Thai history)
Sukhothai was the first Thai kingdom of Siam. This period was considered to be a golden age of Thai culture. King Kun Sri intratit declared its independence in 1238. The kingdom reached its peak in reign of King Rham Khamhaeng the Great, the third king of the Sukhothai era. He created alphabets for Thai writing which has become the basis for modern Thai literacy. He also arranged to codify the Thai form of Theravada Buddhism. After his period, the kingdom started to decline. In the mid -14th century, Ayutthaya Kingdom was founded by King U-Thong . During the 14th and 15th centuries the Thai kings of Ayuthaya became very powerful and began to expand their kingdom eastward until they took Angkor. By the mid-16th century Ayuthaya and the independent kingdom of Chiang Mai had came under the control of the Burmese, but the Thais regained control Ayutthaya areas by the end of the century. In 1767, Ayutthaya was sacked by the Burmese and cause of absolute destruction. Thais united and fought the Burmese within one year. Then, King Taksin was established the new capital city, was called Thonburi. It was located at the East bank of the Chaophraya river. In 1782 king Rama I was crowned. He moved the capital across the river to Bangkok, and ruled as the first king of the Chakri dynasty or Rattanakosin (Bangkok) period.
Thailand Travel : Festival
Many of festival held in Thailand all year round. Organize in advance is a must. Check our list when is proper festival during your visit. Join us now.